Author’s tours to Bukhara
Tour operator «Аль Самарканд» glad to offers you an unforgettable unique tours to Bukhara. With us you can order tour programs of various subjects. Our operators will be happy to prepare interesting programs for you, taking into account all your wishes. Tours to Bukhara, as well as other cities/places of Uzbekistan from the local tour operator “Al Samarkand”: these are well worked out routes and – most importantly – a safe and high-quality trip for you and your family through ancient Bukhara. For those who want to see the mysterious east, we offer to plunge into an unforgettable fairy tale – a visit to a national wedding event with centuries-old traditions and customs.
The best master classes on cooking national dishes, where the main thing is to take part in them. A visit to the historical “Khan’s bath”, a walk through the colorful oriental bazaar, as well as shopping for indescribable ornaments of handmade organic carpets, an abundance of astrakhan fur coats, beautiful souvenirs and much more. We wish you unforgettable impressions from our trip!
During its centuries-old history (2500 years) Bukhara has been conquered, destroyed, even lost its universal significance as a center of spiritual culture of the East more than once. But every time “Bukhoro-i-Sharif” (“noble Bukhara”) was restored again with its economy, science and art revived and new buildings built.
The first mention of it is in the holy book “Avesta” called “vihar”, which in Sanskrit means “monastery”. At that time it was a small village surrounded by swamps.
After the domination of the Tajik dynasty of the Samanids, Bukhara starts to reach perhaps its greatest prosperity from the second half of the 13th century. By the 16th-17th centuries, the city became the capital of the independent Bukhara Khanate, and by the middle of the 18th century – an emirate. The central part of the “old” city is an integral architectural ensemble.
Even in Soviet times, storks – the sacred birds of Bukhara, nested on the tops of domes and minarets. At a great height, a clear silhouette of a bird could be seen against the sky. It was one of the symbols of the city. There are more than 500 architectural monuments of different times and eras in Bukhara and its environs. It is worth wandering through the narrow streets of the “old” city and you’ll get the impression as though the “time machine” has moved you to the medieval East.
Historical architectural objects
- Ark fortress – the winter residence of the rulers of Bukhara (I-XX centuries)
- Samanids (dynasty) Mausoleum (Xc)
- Ensemble “Poi-Kalyan” (XII-XVI centuries)
- Mosque of “Magoki-Attari” (XII-XVI centuries)
- Mausoleum of “Chashma-Ayub” (XIV century)
- Trade Domes (XV-XVI centuries)
- Ensemble “Lyabi-Khauz” (XVI-XVII centuries)
- “Sitor-i-Mohi-Khosa” – summer residence of the last Emir of Bukhara (XIX-XX centuries)
- “Madori-khan” and “Abdullakhan” madrasah complex (XVI century)
- “Bolo-Khauz” Mosque (XVIII century, XX century)
- “Bahauddin” cult-memorial country ensemble (XVI-XX centuries)
- “Chor-Bakr” – country ensemble (XVI-XX centuries)
- Madrasah “Chor-Minor” (XIX century)
- Complex of mausoleums of Seifeddin Bokharzi and Buyan-Kuli-khan (XIV century)
- “Balyand” Mosque (XV century, XIX century)
- Khanaka of Khoja Zainuddin (XVIc, XIXc)
- “Gaukushon” madrasah and mosque (XVIc, XIXc)
- Khanaka “Fayzabad” (XVI century)
BUKHARA VILOYAT (region)
Foundation year – 1938
Area – 40.30 thousand km2
Administrative center – the city of Bukhara (616 km from Tashkent)
Located in the south-west of Uzbekistan – the region is an undulating plain with slight elevations.
Only 1% of the occupied area, in the lower reaches of the Zeravshan River, contains small oases (Karakul, Gijduvan and Bukhara), the sands of the Kyzyl-Kum desert stretch throughout the rest of the region.
The climate here is sharply continental, desert like, with very severe winters and hot dry summers.
The region is not rich in water resources. Amu Darya and Zeravshan are the main rivers. From the Amu Darya two machine canals were drawn – the Amu-Karakul and Amu-Bukhara, supplying water to three oases specializing in sericulture, cotton growing, horticulture, growing cereals, vegetables and grapes. Processing of raw cotton and some other agricultural raw materials is developed here. The basis of animal husbandry is meat and dairy production.
The subsoil here is rich in minerals: precious metals, oil production, but natural gas is considered the main wealth of the region. Most of the explored and developed reserves of “blue” fuel of the Republic are located in this region.
Although the population density in the region is pretty low (compared to other regions), the region occupies a leading position in the development of non-ferrous metallurgy, oil refining, the fuel and energy industries, as well as production of astrakhan fur and a gold embroidery factory products.. Dairy, cotton and grain factories, breweries, wineries and oil mills, confectionery, pasta and silk-reeling factories function here, production of building materials also established.
The astrakhan plant is the only within the republic that produces golden, gray and black astrakhan lambskins, which are exported to foreign countries.
The city of Gazli, built next to one of the largest gas fields, is located in the north-west of the region, 100 km from Bukhara. It is a modern city that has suffered twice from devastating earthquakes in 1976 and 1984 but was quickly rebuilt. It is from here that “blue” fuel is supplied to most regions of Uzbekistan and beyond its borders through powerful gas pipelines.