Tashkent is located between the western foot of the Tien Shan mountain system and the Syr Darya river. This is a modern metropolis, which is the focus of political and economic life of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The first mention of Tashkent (referred to at that time as Shash) dates back to the II century BC. Wars and natural disasters destroyed many historical monuments of different epochs. After a devastating earthquake in 1966, the city almost completely was ruined and then rebuilt. New buildings, decorated with mosaics and stucco decorations in the national Uzbek style, make Tashkent an attractive and interesting city.
Samarkand is one of the ancient cities in the world and almost a peer of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome . More than 2 thousand years, the city was a key point on the Great Silk Road between China and Europe, as well as one of the main centers of science of the medieval East. Samarkand was invaded and destroyed in the IV century BC. by troops of Alexander the Great. In the 8th century, the city was again destroyed by the forces of the Arab Caliphate, but again revived to life. After the invasion of Genghis Khan hordes in the XIII century, Afrasiab ceased to exist and the inhabitants moved to the south-west of it, to the territory of present-day Samarkand. The dawn of the medieval city is connected with the reign of Amir Timur (Tamerlane – 1370-1405), who decided to make Samarkand the capital of his huge empire, which included Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, part of India, the whole territory of present-day Central Asia, and also were in the vassal Dependencies Egypt, Syria, Turkey, the Golden Horde, Mogulistan (the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan). In the XVI century and throughout the following centuries, Samarkand experienced a period of feudal disintegration. In 1868, the city was occupied by Russian colonial troops and entered the newly created Zeravshan District of the Turkestan Governor General. During this period, houses of European style are built here, developed parks, squares and boulevards are broken. Now Samarkand is the second largest and by the numbers of universities city in the country with a population of more than 500,000 people.
During its long history (2500 years) Bukhara repeatedly conquered, destroyed, lost its international importance as a center of spiritual culture of the East. But every time “Bukhara-i-Sharif” ( “Noble Bukhara”) newly restored, revived its economy, science and art, constructed new buildings. The first mention of it is in the holy book “Avesta”, entitled “Vihar” which in Sanskrit means “monastery”. At that time it was a small village surrounded by marshes. After the domination of the Tajik Samanid (IX-X centuries), perhaps the greatest prosperity reached Bukhara in the second half of the XVI century. By the XVI-XVII centuries the city became the capital of the independent khanate of Bukhara, and by the middle of the XVIII century – the emirate. The central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble. Even in Soviet times on the tops of the minarets and domes of the sacred bird nesting Bukhara – storks. At a great height against the sky could be seen a clear silhouette of the bird. It was one of the city’s attractions. In Bukhara and its suburbs are located over 500 architectural monuments from different times and eras. It is necessary to walk through the narrow streets of the “old” town and you will have the impression that the “time machine” will move you to the medieval East.
On the route you need to be: in the summer
- closed comfortable shoes thickened soles
- hats for protection from direct sunlight,
- Outer clothing made of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves
Seasonality action route – all year round
Programme stay on Route 1 and the last day depends on the time of arrival to the starting point of the tour and the time of departure from the destination, therefore subject to change.
What’s included in the tour
- TOUR COST INCLUDES
- AIR & FILE TICKETS FOR INTERNAL FLIGHTS
- MOTOR TRANSPORT
- GUIDE SERVICES
- ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS
- LUNCHES AND DINNERSYES INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM
Arrival in Tashkent International Airport. You will meet our representative holding a sign. Tourist vehicles will take us into a comfortable hotel. Accommodation on arrival. Next you will go to one of the restaurants in town for dinner (your preference will be stipulated in advance menu).
After breakfast our guide will invite you to the bus sightseeing tour (3-4 hours). Lunch time you will spend in one of the local restaurants to try uzbek food . After lunch you can take a walk , or we will take you by car to the largest and oldest bazaar in Tashkent – “Chor-Su”. In your free time you can have dinner in one of the restaurants in town.
– Early departure to the train / railway station to the comfortable electric train “Afrasiab”, following from Tashkent to Samarkand (2 hours 10 minutes on the way). You will be met by the driver who will take to the hotel. in the hotel a guide will be waiting for you , who will be with you the whole day.
Begin your excursion into the history of the city with a visit to the base of the museum in Samarkand on the territory of the ancient settlement of Afrasiab, where you will see the original wall painting (VII) of one of the palaces, discovered during archaeological excavations. Then you get acquainted with the great exposition of artifacts, found in the territory of the settlement. After the Afrasiab musuem you will be taken to the memorial museum of Ulugbek (grandson of Tamerlane) and the remains built by his orders Observatory 1428-29 . Ulugbek was not only the ruler of the vast country, but also a great scholar of his time, an outstanding astronomer. In the museum you will see the exhibits telling about the “astronomical Academy of the East” and its wonderful creator. It’s time to break for lunch in the national house, where you can taste a dish that is prepared just in Samarkand – “nahot”. With renewed energy, you will go to the next place of our tour to one of the greatest achievements of world architecture – ensemble of mausoleums of Shah-i-Zinda (XII-XIX centuries). From the entrance portal uphill run up two rows of tombs, mausoleums, between which formed a corridor. More than two dozen mausoleums, mosques, memorial and office space make this magnificent memorial. One of his contemporaries wrote: “The heavens – the Moon and the Sun … sat down on the carpet meditation and bit a finger surprise – they had never seen such buildings and adorned with elegant”. Next you will see a magnificent mosque Bibi Khanum Mosque, built by order of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1399-1404. It was the tallest building in the East at that time.In the courtyard you can see the mosque learned from marble lyauh (music stand – the first half of the XV century) for a huge Qur’an. It is covered with Arabic script. Next architectural ensemble – the area three madrasahs (Muslim spiritual school) Registan. Accompanied by a guide, you will walk down the street, which was founded by the order of Timur as a business, to the “heart” of Samarkand Registan Square ( “sandy place”). Initially, it was a place of shopping malls.
It housed caravanserais, bathhouses, trading pavilions, benches small artisans. These products were brought by merchants from different countries, Asia Minor and the Volga region, Siberia and Far East, Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. During the reign of Ulugbek – grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), Samarkand became a major science center of the East. Ulugbek decided to build a madrasah where students were taught not only Koran, but also astronomy and math. In the XVII century on the opposite side the warlord Yalantush Bakhadur built Sher-Dor – “having tigers” (1619-1636gg). Its portal is visible heraldic emblem: a tiger, hunting a deer on the background of the solar face. Rounding out the ensemble of central Tilla-Kari – “gold plating” (1646-1660gg) – it was built on the site of the caravanserai XV century. with partial use of its foundations and walls. The building has joined the function madrassah and mosque of the city. Inside the luxurious interior of the mosque is painted flower and floral ornaments with abundant gilding. Concludes your excursion day dinner in the national Uzbek house. Samarkand serves dishes that you do not try in any restaurant.
At the end of breakfast at the hotel our guide will invite you to continue the excursion into the history of Samarkand. Not far from the Registan Square, at the symbolic boundary between “old” and “new” city, it is the dynastic tomb of Timurid – Gur Emir (1404-1405 additional extension – the XV-XVII centuries). Construction began by the orders of the mausoleum of Tamerlane in 1403 for his grandson Muhammad-Sultan, who was to become the ruler of Maverannahr after Timur’s death. However, he died before his grandfather’s grandson. Timur died in Otrar city (southern Kazakhstan) at the age of 69 years during his campaign to China. His body was transported to Samarkand and buried in the crypt of the mausoleum of Mohammed Sultan. During the reign of Ulugbek mausoleum became the burial place of the family . Then you will travel to Samarkand suburbs, where there is a place called Kongil. Currently, this area is built up with houses of the private sector. This is where, on the banks of the creek Ab-Rahmat and located a small factory for the production of Samarkand silk paper. The production of Samarkand paper was lost but enthusiasts have revived the ancient technique of handicraft making paper from the bark of the mulberry tree and is now a place of pilgrimage for tourists coming to Samarkand. Masters will show you the entire work process, after which you will have the opportunity to purchase their favorite products from tissue paper. It’s time to break for lunch in national Uzbek house where you will be a witness of a master class on cooking pilaf. After lunch, you will have the opportunity to visit the biggest bazaar in Samarkand walk around the city before dinner in one of the restaurants in town.
Finished breakfast at the hotel, you go to the train / railway station to the comfortable electric train that takes you to Bukhara (2 hours 10 minutes on the way.). You will be met by a driver and then taken to the hotel where a guide will be waiting for you.
Tour of the architectural monuments of the X-XIX centuries (main part of the display objects is concentrated in the “old part” of the city, which is a pedestrian zone and is dotted with narrow medieval streets). The first display object – it is the core of the ancient Bukhara – Ark Fortress (I-XIX centuries). With the city walls arch, rising 10-15 meters above the streets of Bukhara, offers a broad overview of the city with countless domes and minarets. Almost opposite the Arch across the square (Registan). You will be able to see ensemble Bolo Haouz Mosque (XVIII, XX centuries), the mausoleum – a dynastic tomb of the Samanids (late start IX- X), XIV century architectural structure – mazar (shrine) – Chashma-Ayub, erected over the well of the legendary (Chashma) Prophet Ayub (Job). After excursion you will have lunch
After breakfast at the hotel the guide will invite you for the continuation of the tour. If the previous display objects as if embedded in a modern building in Bukhara, the central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble of XVI-XVII centuries.
The first complex is going to be of buildings Poi Kalyan ( “Beneath the Great”), grouped around the highest minaret Bukhara – Kalon (tower convocation to prayer). It was built in 1127 its height – 47m, inside – 105 steps leading to the top; on the right side of the minaret rises majestic building mosque Masjid-Kalyan, erected in the first half of the XV century over the remains of a medieval mosque XI-XII. Reconstruction and updates were made in 1514; in front of the mosque is a building of Mir-Arab, erected influential Sheikh (head of a religious order) in the 1535-36 years. Old part of Bukhara is famous not only because of the mausoleums or mosques but also due to the well preserved indoor shopping arcades – tims and very distinctive domed market buildings . In Doomed market buildings you can find dome of jewelers – Taki-Zargaron which belongs to XV century or – merchants dome hats – Tilpak-Furushon XVI dome changed – Taki-Sarafon and Tim Abdulla intended for sale silk.Walking down to the narrow streets of Bukhara, you will be taken to one of the largest reservoirs of the medieval city – Lyabi-House, built in 1620. For centuries, the territory on which the Lyabi- House, with the adjacent buildings that served as a place of recreation and leisure for the residents of Bukhara. This tradition has survived until present day. The excursion tour can be interrupted (if you wish, at any time) for lunch and dinner in city restaurants.
After breakfast you leave to Bukhara International Airport. Our tour ends with the author. Your stay on the hospitable land of Uzbekistan program is completed.
Ирина Давидовна / Россия, 48 лет
Тур – Сказка Востока 2016
Хочу поделиться впечатлениями и написать отзыв о своей поездке в Узбекистан. Ну, во-первых никогда не думала, что здесь так много туристов из разных стран и на памятниках старины было не протолкнуться, но все грандиозно и здорово интересно. Но начну сначала. Прилетели мы с подругой в Ургенч (так была составлена программа самаркандской тур-фирмы, даже порекомендовали рейс из Москвы), нас встретили, перевезли в Хиву, разместили в маленьком и уютном отеле, накормили ужином и пожелали «спокойной ночи». Утром после завтрака гид пригласил нас на экскурсию во «внутренний город». Мама, дорогая, мы думали, что там потеряемся – это не объяснить словами! Нам повезло с гидом: ненавязчиво, информативно, с перерывами на кофеек, на обед, не заметили как день прошел (экскурсия-то пешеходная) и пора ужинать и спать. На следующий день выехали в Бухару (аж 6 часов по пустыне). Но наш гид Наталья Михайловна — Наташа) так интересно рассказывала в пути и об истории края, и о пустыне, и о быте здешнего народа и отвечала на все наши вопросы, что мы и не заметили, как въехали в Бухару. Да, уж действительно средневековый город. Жили мы в маленькой гостинице с европейскими услугами, но с восточным колоритом. Питались в разных ресторанах, но меню нигде не повторялось. Благодаря Наташе, нам стало известно, что в Узбекистане рестораны специализируются на каком-то одном блюде национальной кухни, т.е. в меню есть много других блюд, но только местные жители знают, где вкуснее готовят именно это блюдо (например, плов или манты). Дальше по маршруту нас ждал юртовый лагерь в пустыне. Представляете, вокруг желто-серый песок, на улице жара и мы, честно говоря, подумали – зачем нас сюда завезли и вдруг в лобовое стекло авто видим большое голубое пятно – это оказалось то самое озеро, к которому ехали. Потом, конечно и накупались, и на верблюдах накатались и у костра насиделись. В общем, классно провели время (кстати, хорошо, что мы послушали туроператора Ирину и захватили с собой крем от загара и от комаров, спасибо). На следующий день после обеда выехали в Самарканд. За 2 дня мы успели осмотреть все памятники по программе, побывать на бумажной фабричке (это класс!), на дегустации (два класса!!), поесть почти все блюда самаркандской кухни (три класса!!!), посетить базар – это вообще вне конкуренции. Хорошо загоревшие, с кучей сувениров и впечатлений вернулись домой. Мы влюбились в Узбекистан. Спасибо тур-фирме за грамотно и подробно составленную программу на маршрут как мы просили, за профессионализм сопровождающего гида и водителя. Такое впечатление, что они никогда не уставали. Мы с подругой решили, что и на следующий год обратимся в фирму «Аль-Самарканд» и поедем на другой маршрут.