Classic excursion tour around the cities of the Silk Road
Our excursion tour in the cities of the Republic of Uzbekistan begins with the city of Tashkent – the capital of the region. This modern metropolis with a population of more than 2,500,000 people has a 25-century history. From the north-east of the republic, the route (with the help of an airplane) moves south-west to the city of Urgench. Where will proceed to the city of Khiva – “Open-air museum.” Within the walls of Ichan-Kala (the “inner city”), almost all the architectural objects of the show are enclosed, which constitute the historical image of the city (XVII-XIX centuries).
The next stop will be the city of Bukhara, which is 2500 years old. The central part of the “old” city is a complete architectural ensemble. In Bukhara and its surroundings are located more than 500 architectural monuments of different times and eras. You should wander along its narrow streets on your own and you have the impression that the “time machine” has moved you to the medieval East. Further along the route line follows the city of Samarkand – one of the oldest cities in the world (2,750 years old) – “Pearl of the East”, as the chroniclers and poets of antiquity called it. Nowadays, it is the second largest city in the republic in terms of the number of universities, with a population of more than 500,000 people.
Shakhrisabz – “Green City”
Having been in Samarkand, where the great Tamerlane was buried, it is simply necessary to visit the city in where he was born – Shakhrisabz (in the south of the republic). There are the remains of the once magnificent summer palace Ak-Saray and a number of later medieval structures. Return to Samarkand is justified; one day of stay in it is not enough. From the capital of the empire of Tamerlane, you will be taken to the capital of modern Uzbekistan – Tashkent.
On the route you need to be: in the summer
- closed comfortable shoes thickened soles
- hats for protection from direct sunlight,
- Outer clothing made of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves
Seasonality action route – all year round
Programme stay on Route 1 and the last day depends on the time of arrival to the starting point of the tour and the time of departure from the destination, therefore subject to change.
What’s included in the tour
- TOUR COST INCLUDES
- AIR & FILE TICKETS FOR INTERNAL FLIGHTS
- MOTOR TRANSPORT
- GUIDE SERVICES
- ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS
- LUNCHES AND DINNERSYES INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM
Excursion tour will start by arriving at Tashkent International Airport. You will meet our representative holding a sign. Tourist vehicles will take you to a comfortable hotel. Accommodation on arrival. Next you will go to one of the restaurants in town for dinner (your preference will be stipulated in advance menu).
After breakfast at the hotel – bus excursion (3-4 hours). Lunch at one of the restaurants in town, where you can taste dishes of Uzbek cuisine. After lunch, free time: you can take a walk and discover the beauty of the capital or we will take you by car to the largest and oldest bazaar in Tashkent – “Chor-Su”. Dinner at one of the restaurants in town.
Early departure to Tashkent Domestic Airport for the flight from Tashkent to Urgench. Upon arrival you will be taken to the city of Khiva by the car (30km). Bed and Breakfast in the hotel. Then, accompanied by a guide, you will go on an excursion tour of the architectural monuments of Ichan Kala with a break for lunch. Ichan-Kala – the “inner city” (26ga), formed around the citadel. Surrounded by thick walls (-10m height, length – 2200m), is a model of the medieval fortifications, Ichan-Kala contains within itself almost all the architectural display objects that make up the image of the city historically XVII-XIX centuries. After a busy day of sightseeing you can relax over dinner at the restaurant and taste the dishes of the city of Khiva cuisine.
After breakfast departure by car through the Kyzyl-Kum desert to Bukhara (450km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival and you go to one of the restaurants in town for dinner. Afternoon you can use on your own, but we suggest you to walk to dinner on the streets of “old city”, where the focus souvenir shops with goods for all tastes).
After breakfast at the hotel the guide will invite you to a tour of architectural monuments of the X-XIX centuries. You will find the core of the ancient Bukhara – Ark Fortress (I-XX centuries); ensemble Bolo Haouz Mosque (XVIII, XX centuries);the mausoleum – a dynastic tomb of the Samanids (late start IX- X). ; XIV century architectural structure – mazar (shrine) – Chashma-Ayub, erected over the well of the legendary (Chashma) Prophet Ayub (Job). If the previous objects , which embedded in the modern Bukhara building, the central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble of XVI-XVII centuries: a complex of buildings Poi Kalyan ( “Beneath the Great”), grouped around the highest minaret Bukhara – Kalon (tower convocation to prayer). It was built in 1127 its height – 47m, inside – 105 steps leading to the top; on the right side of the minaret rises majestic building mosque Masjid-Kalyan, erected in the first half of the XV century over the remains of a medieval mosque XI-XII. Reconstruction and updates were made in 1514; in front of the mosque is a building of Mir-Arab, erected influential Sheikh (head of a religious order) in the 1535-36 years. Old part of Bukhara is famaous not only because of the mausoleums or mosques but also due to the well preserved indoor shopping arcades – tims and very distinctive domed market buildings . In Doomed market buildings you can find dome of jewelers – Taki-Zargaron which belongs to XV century or – merchants dome hats – Tilpak-Furushon XVI dome changed – Taki-Sarafon and Tim Abdulla intended for sale silk.Walking down to the narrow streets of Bukhara, you will be taken to one of the largest reservoirs of the medieval city – Lyabi-House, built in 1620g. For centuries, the territory on which the Lyabi- House, with the adjacent buildings that served as a place of recreation and leisure for the residents of Bukhara. This tradition has survived until present day. The excursion tour can be interrupted (if you wish, at any time) for lunch and dinner in city restaurants.
After having a breakfast at the hotel, you will visit the northern part of Bukhara in the country residence of the last Bukharian emirs – Sitora-Mahi-Hasa (the end of XIX century-1918). Old palace, built by masters from Bukhara, who studied Russian architecture in St. Petersburg and Yalta, is a mixture of European and Bukharan style. New Palace – is a complex of buildings (also mixed Eastern and European styles) which consists of arch gate, harem, greenhouse, covered gallery and the main building. Palaces are located in a beautiful park. Once upon a time, part of the territory occupied zoological garden where the grass roamed gazelles, pheasants and peacocks freely walking past and at present. After visiting the splendor emir’s palace, you will go back to Bukhara and have lunch at one of the restaurants in town. After lunch, departure to the train / railway station to the electric train, next to the city of Samarkand (2 hours 10 minutes on the way). On the forecourt you will meet the transport that will take to the hotel. Housed on arrival, you go to dinner at one of the restaurants in town.
Breakfast at the hotel and our excursion tour to the architectural monuments of Samarkand XII-XX centuries continues: magnificent mosque Bibi Khanum Mosque, built by order of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1404. It was the tallest structure and lavishly decorated in the East at that time; the central area of the “old” city – the “heart” of Samarkand – Registan ensemble ( “sandy place”). Initially, there were shopping arcade, located caravanserais, bathhouses, trading pavilions, benches small artisans. The products were brought by merchants from different countries, Asia Minor and the Volga region, Siberia and Far East, Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. During the reign of Ulugbek – grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), Samarkand became a major science center of the East. At that time, Ulugbek decided to build the madrasah (Muslim spiritual school) in the market square of Registan. In the XVII century in the opposite side of Ulugbek madrassah military leader Yalantush Bahadur gave the order to build another madrassah Sher-Dor – “having tigers” (1619-1636). Its portal is visible heraldic emblem: a tiger, tearing a deer on the background of the solar face. Rounding out the ensemble of central Tilla-Kari – “gold plating” (1646-1660), which was erected on the site of the caravanserai XV century. with partial use of its foundations and walls. The building has joined the function madrassah and mosque of the city. Inside the luxurious interior of the mosque is painted flower and floral ornaments with abundant gilding; Timurid dynastic tomb – Gur Emir (1404-1405 additional extension – the XV-XVII centuries). Initially the mausoleum was built due to the death grandson Muhammad-Sultan, who was to become the ruler of Maverannahr after Timur’s death. However in 1405 Timur died in Otrar city (southern Kazakhstan) at the age of 69 years. His body was transported to Samarkand and buried in the crypt of the mausoleum of Mohammed Sultan. Since that time, it became known as Gur-Emir – “tomb of the Emir.” . Gur Emir may draws attention because of a wonderful combination of proportions, a living ornament mosaic tiling and a luminous blue of the ribbed dome. Once everyone who entered the mausoleum, met at the entrance to a beautiful plate with the inscription, said that the burial of Timur. This plate and a flap door, decorated with intricate carvings, ivory and silver are in the Hermitage. Inside the mausoleum on the marble floor, fenced patterned marble bars, are gravestones. Central – from a single piece of black and green jade – is installed over the grave of Timur.The tour will stop for lunch in national Uzbek house where you will be a witness of a master class on cooking pilaf. After the lunch, we will take you to the biggest market of the “old” Samarkand, and can offer to pay a visit to the small factory for the production of paper . In former times there were many such factories on the banks of small rivers and produced them silk paper replaced the papyrus in the XIV century in Europe. Enthusiasts have revived the ancient technique of handicraft making paper from the bark of the mulberry tree and is now a place of pilgrimage for tourists coming to Samarkand. Masters will show you the entire work process, after which you will have the opportunity to purchase their favorite products from paper. After that you can dine in one of the local restaurants in town.
After having a breakfast at the hotel a guide and you will go by car to the hometown of Amir Timur (Tamerlane) – Shakhrisabz (about 100 km). You will drive through the picturesque countryside of the foothills and spurs of the Zeravshan Range (Pamir Alai mountain system). Climb the serpentine road to the pass Davenport Karachi (1675m). It offers a magnificent view of the great valley, lying in a frame of the mountains and is known as the Kitab-Shahrisabz koy. From the height of the pass you will see a blue-green oasis spot in the upper reaches of Kashkadarya river. Unforgettable impression! Going down from the mountains into the valley, you will soon arrive at the Shakhrisabz, known in III-I BC under the name – Kesh. Only in the XIV century he began to wear the current title. It was the patrimony of the Turko-Mongol tribe, “Barlas”, which belonged to the great Tamerlane. The most imposing structure at the time was the summer palace Ak-Saray – “White Palace” (1380-1404), built by order of Timur. From grand palace there were only two pylons (foundations) of the entrance portal, supported by lateral towers. Above the arch, according to the chronicles, it was written saying terrible Timur: “If you doubt our greatness, look at our facilities.” To the south of the Ak-Saray is cult-memorial complex Dorut Tilyavat (the end of the XIV century – 1st half of the XV century) and to the east – Dorus Siadat (1379 / 80-1404). After seeing the historical sights of Shakhrisabz, you go for lunch in national Uzbek house where you will be offered to try Uzbek food . After receiving a lot of impressions from the tour and dine, you will return to Samarkand by the same route. After having a rest in the hotel, you go to dinner at one of the restaurants in town.
After the breakfast you will go on a tour (continued) architectural monuments of antiquity: memorial museum of Ulugbek (grandson of Tamerlane) and the remains of the instrument built by his orders . The Observatory which were built in the years 1428- 1429 considered to be unique construction of that time in the Muslim world . Ulugbek was not only the ruler of the vast country, but also a great scholar of his time, an outstanding astronomer. In the museum you will see the exhibits telling about the “astronomical Academy of the East” and its wonderful creator. You will be shown the remains of a huge sextant. Near the museum is the grave of Russian archaeologist V.L. Vyatkin, who first discovered traces of the observatory in 1908. After that you willbe taken to one of the greatest achievements of world architecture – ensemble of mausoleums of Shah-i-Zinda (XII-XIX centuries). From the entrance portal uphill run up two rows of tombs, mausoleums, between which formed a corridor. More than two dozen mausoleums, mosques, memorial and office space make this magnificent memorial. Facilities vary in size, architecture, color, decoration. There you will see the mausoleums decorated with bright colored mosaics, carved lace walls and doors with strict geometrical planes, almost devoid of cladding. Inscriptions that may amazed and at the same time organically woven into ornaments, decorating facades, left us the names of the great craftsmen of Samarkand, Bukhara and Azerbaijan; visible brushwork Iranian masters. One of his contemporaries wrote: “The heavens – the Moon and the Sun … sat down on the carpet meditation and bit a finger surprise – they had never seen such buildings and adorned with elegant”; Samarkand museum grounds, on the territory of the ancient settlement of Afrasiab, where you will see the famous original mural (VII) of one of the palaces, discovered during archaeological excavations. You will learn a great exposition of artifacts (with VIII on the XIII century BC), found on the territory of the settlement. Marakanda – named by the ancient Greeks Afrasiab, Samarkand is the ancestor of the current. Here in the middle of the 1st millennium BC there was a fortress city, which was destroyed in the IV century BC armies of Alexander the Great. In the VIII century, rebuilt the city was again destroyed by the troops of the Arab Caliphate, but revived to life. After the invasion of hordes of Genghis Khan in the XIII century, Afrasiab ceased to exist and the residents moved to the south-west of it, in what is now Samarkand.
This is your excursion from the program ends. You go to the national Uzbek house for dinner dishes from the traditional cuisine of Samarkand. After a delicious and hearty meal, you will be taken at the railway / train station to the electric train, next to Tashkent (2 hours 10 minutes on the way). On the forecourt you meet the transport that will take you to the Tashkent International Airport. Sightseeing tour in the hospitable land of Uzbekistan is completed.
Ирина Давидовна / Россия, 48 лет
Тур – Сказка Востока 2016
Хочу поделиться впечатлениями и написать отзыв о своей поездке в Узбекистан. Ну, во-первых никогда не думала, что здесь так много туристов из разных стран и на памятниках старины было не протолкнуться, но все грандиозно и здорово интересно. Но начну сначала. Прилетели мы с подругой в Ургенч (так была составлена программа самаркандской тур-фирмы, даже порекомендовали рейс из Москвы), нас встретили, перевезли в Хиву, разместили в маленьком и уютном отеле, накормили ужином и пожелали «спокойной ночи». Утром после завтрака гид пригласил нас на экскурсию во «внутренний город». Мама, дорогая, мы думали, что там потеряемся – это не объяснить словами! Нам повезло с гидом: ненавязчиво, информативно, с перерывами на кофеек, на обед, не заметили как день прошел (экскурсия-то пешеходная) и пора ужинать и спать. На следующий день выехали в Бухару (аж 6 часов по пустыне). Но наш гид Наталья Михайловна — Наташа) так интересно рассказывала в пути и об истории края, и о пустыне, и о быте здешнего народа и отвечала на все наши вопросы, что мы и не заметили, как въехали в Бухару. Да, уж действительно средневековый город. Жили мы в маленькой гостинице с европейскими услугами, но с восточным колоритом. Питались в разных ресторанах, но меню нигде не повторялось. Благодаря Наташе, нам стало известно, что в Узбекистане рестораны специализируются на каком-то одном блюде национальной кухни, т.е. в меню есть много других блюд, но только местные жители знают, где вкуснее готовят именно это блюдо (например, плов или манты). Дальше по маршруту нас ждал юртовый лагерь в пустыне. Представляете, вокруг желто-серый песок, на улице жара и мы, честно говоря, подумали – зачем нас сюда завезли и вдруг в лобовое стекло авто видим большое голубое пятно – это оказалось то самое озеро, к которому ехали. Потом, конечно и накупались, и на верблюдах накатались и у костра насиделись. В общем, классно провели время (кстати, хорошо, что мы послушали туроператора Ирину и захватили с собой крем от загара и от комаров, спасибо). На следующий день после обеда выехали в Самарканд. За 2 дня мы успели осмотреть все памятники по программе, побывать на бумажной фабричке (это класс!), на дегустации (два класса!!), поесть почти все блюда самаркандской кухни (три класса!!!), посетить базар – это вообще вне конкуренции. Хорошо загоревшие, с кучей сувениров и впечатлений вернулись домой. Мы влюбились в Узбекистан. Спасибо тур-фирме за грамотно и подробно составленную программу на маршрут как мы просили, за профессионализм сопровождающего гида и водителя. Такое впечатление, что они никогда не уставали. Мы с подругой решили, что и на следующий год обратимся в фирму «Аль-Самарканд» и поедем на другой маршрут.