The group tour “Fairytale-East” in Urgench (Khiva) – Bukhara – Gizhduvan – Yurt camp in the Kyzyl-Kum desert – Samarkand
The combined tourist group takes off flight 965 of S7 Moscow-Urgench at 22:05 from Domodedovo airport, on Mondays and Wednesdays.
The city museum or “the open air museum” is located in the territory of the Kyzyl-Kum desert near the Amu Darya river. According to one of the legends the name city got from a well “khivak” which was dug by the son of Noah whose name was Sim . Throughout centuries, Khiva repeatedly experienced periods of decline and recovery, until it reached the peak of development in the XIX century. Ichan-kala is an “inner city” (26 hectares), which was formed around the citadel. It is surrounded by powerful fortress walls (height -10 m, length – 2200 m), which are an example of medieval fortifications. Almost all architectural objects of the exhibition were built within the walls of Ichan-kala, which constitute the historically formed image of the city of the XVII-XIX centuries.
Bukhara had repeatedly won, collapsed, lost its international significance as the center of spiritual culture in the East. But each time Bukhoro-i-Sharif (the “noble Bukhara”) was restored again, its economy, science and art were reborn, new buildings were built. After the domination of the Tajik Samanid dynasty (IX-XIV), Bukhara probably reached its peak in the second half of the XVI century. By the XVI century the city was the capital of the independent Bukhara khanate, and by the middle of the XVIII century it was the capital of the emirate. The central part of the “old” city is an integral architectural ensemble. In Bukhara and its environs there are more than 500 architectural monuments of different times and epochs.
Yurt camp in the desert
In the north-east of Bukhara are three mountain ranges: Karatau, Aktau, Nuratau. In the north-western tip of Aktau city Nurata ridge located from which further way lies on the Kyzylkum desert. In the wide expanses of it there is a light blue spill of Lake Aidarkul . Its fate is interesting. For a long time it lay all alone. The water was quite salty, as evidenced by its name – Tuzkan (uz. “tuz”- solt). Lifeless were the shores of this doomed to a slow drying of the lake. However, in the spring of 1969 as a result of unusually high floods on the Syrdarya River the of water it flooded into Arnasay spill and headed west into the depths of sand filled the vast salt-marsh depression Aydar and united with the waters of the lake Tuzkan, turned it into a part of a huge body of water stretching for the Southern outskirts of the Kyzylkum desert for almost 200 km. The waters of the Syr Darya breathed new life into a dying lake. Its surface was increased many times, water has become fresher, turned green shore, there are many fish and waterfowl. On the winding banks of new reservoirs, many shallows and lagoons. Among the bluish expanse seen small golden island – a large sand dunes were surrounded by water. Their shores were covered with sedge, a lot of birds settled on them. On some of islets you can see colonies of large white birds – pelicans. The ponds are rich in fish.There are carp, asp, pike perch, pike. Lake Aydarkul is an oasis in the desert, a wonderful blue expanse, lying in the golden frame of the sands.
Samarkand is one of the ancient cities in the world and almost a peer of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome . More than 2 thousand years, the city was a key point on the Great Silk Road between China and Europe, as well as one of the main centers of science of the medieval East. Samarkand was invaded and destroyed in the IV century BC. by troops of Alexander the Great. In the 8th century, the city was again destroyed by the forces of the Arab Caliphate, but again revived to life. After the invasion of Genghis Khan hordes in the XIII century, Afrasiab ceased to exist and the inhabitants moved to the south-west of it, to the territory of present Samarkand.
The dawn of the medieval city is connected with the reign of Amir Timur (Tamerlane – 1370-1405), who decided to make Samarkand the capital of his huge empire, which included Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, part of India, the whole territory of the Central Asia, and also Egypt, Syria, Turkey, the Golden Horde, Mogulistan (the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan) fell into dependence as vessels
In the XVI century and throughout the following centuries, Samarkand experienced a period of feudal disintegration. In 1868, the city was occupied by Russian colonial troops and entered the newly created Zeravshan District of the Turkestan Governor General. During this period, houses of European style are built here, developed parks, squares and boulevards are broken. Now Samarkand is the second largest and by the numbers of universities city in the country with a population of more than 500,000 people.
On the route you need to be: in the summer
- closed comfortable shoes thickened soles
- hats for protection from direct sunlight,
- Outer clothing made of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves
- the route is valid c 1 April to 1 October (seasonally work yurt camp);
- the maximum number of people in the group – 18
What’s included in the tour
- TOUR COST INCLUDES
- AIR & FILE TICKETS FOR INTERNAL FLIGHTS
- MOTOR TRANSPORT
- GUIDE SERVICES
- ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS
- LUNCHES AND DINNERSYES INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM
Arrival in Urgench Airport (local time). Precast Group tour begins with a meeting with a representative of our company at the airport. Transfer by car to Khiva (35km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival.
10:00 – Breakfast at the hotel.
10-30 – walking tour to architectural monuments of Ichan-Kala. You will see madrassah Muhammad Amin Khan with unfinished minaret (tower for calling for prayer), that’s why it is called Kalta Minor ( “Unfinished minaret”). Its height is 26 m; complex Kunya Ark (fortress-palace), but in the opposite side is madrassah (Muslim spiritual school) of Muhammad Rahim Khan. Next, you will pass the only surviving monument of the XIV century – the mausoleum of Sayid Alauddin. From it to the left until the end of the narrow streets you will follow along the madrassah Kari Khan is now the repair shops and stores. Again, turn left and go down the steps to the madrasah Shirgazi Khan, on the opposite side , you will see the mausoleum Pakhlavan-Mahmoud. Directly on the direction of travel – a slender minaret of Islam-Hodge beautifully decorated with colored tiles, and near – madrassa and a mosque – it is the whole ensemble, which is located in front of the building of European architecture, built for Islam-Khoja new approached school. Next, go to the main street of Ichan-Kala, where the cathedral is located right Juma mosque with a minaret and, following further yourself in the market square. To the right is a building of Ak-mosque, behind which there are public baths, and the left – madrassas Qutlugh Mudad-INAC with the underground storage of water – Sardoba. On the other hand there is another ensemble of buildings Alla Kuli Khan: madrassah with richly decorated portal, team (indoor shopping arcade) and a caravanserai. On the opposite side of the street – Palace Tash-Hawley with rich decoration of the walls (tiles, painting). Your tour can interrupt only for lunch and dinner from the Uzbek city of Khorezm dishes in the restaurant.
07-30 – breakfast at the hotel. Precast Group tour continues.
08-00 – departure by road to Bukhara through the desert Kyzyl Kum (450km). Snack on the way (fruits, vegetables). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival.You will have late luch in one of the restaurants of the city . During free time you can take a walk along the streets of the “old city”, where you will be able to see souvenir shops with goods for every taste. Dinner at the restaurant of the city.
08-30 – breakfast at the hotel.
09-00 – Tour of the architectural monuments of the X-XIX centuries (main part of the display objects is concentrated in the “old part” of the city, which is a pedestrian zone and is dotted with narrow medieval streets). The first display object – it is the core of the ancient Bukhara – Ark Fortress (I-XIX centuries). With the city walls arch, rising 10-15 meters above the streets of Bukhara, offers a broad overview of the city with countless domes and minarets. Almost opposite the Arch across the square (Registan). You will be able to see ensemble Bolo Haouz Mosque (XVIII, XX centuries), the mausoleum – a dynastic tomb of the Samanids (late start IX- X), XIV century architectural structure – mazar (shrine) – Chashma-Ayub, erected over the well of the legendary (Chashma) Prophet Ayub (Job). If the previous objects , which embedded in the modern Bukhara building, the central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble of XVI-XVII centuries: a complex of buildings Poi Kalyan ( “Beneath the Great”), grouped around the highest minaret Bukhara – Kalon (tower convocation to prayer). It was built in 1127 its height – 47m, inside – 105 steps leading to the top; on the right side of the minaret rises majestic building mosque Masjid-Kalyan, erected in the first half of the XV century over the remains of a medieval mosque XI-XII. Reconstruction and updates were made in 1514; in front of the mosque is a building of Mir-Arab, erected influential Sheikh (head of a religious order) in the 1535-36 years. Old part of Bukhara is famous not only because of the mausoleums or mosques but also due to the well preserved indoor shopping arcades – tims and very distinctive domed market buildings . In Doomed market buildings you can find dome of jewelers – Taki-Zargaron which belongs to XV century or – merchants dome hats – Tilpak-Furushon XVI dome changed – Taki-Sarafon and Tim Abdulla intended for sale silk.Walking down to the narrow streets of Bukhara, you will be taken to one of the largest reservoirs of the medieval city – Lyabi-House, built in 1620. For centuries, the territory on which the Lyabi- House, with the adjacent buildings that served as a place of recreation and leisure for the residents of Bukhara. This tradition has survived until present day. The excursion tour can be interrupted (if you wish, at any time) for lunch and dinner in city restaurants.
08-00 – breakfast at the hotel.
08-30 – you say goodbye to the hospitable Bukhara and travel to explore the country residence of the last Bukhara emirs – Sitora-Mahi-Hasa (the end of XIX century-1918). Old palace, built by masters from Bukhara, who studied Russian architecture in St. Petersburg and Yalta, is a mixture of European and Bukharan style. New Palace is a complex of buildings (also mixed Eastern and European styles): arch gate, harem, greenhouse, covered gallery and the main building. Most interesting in this palace interiors of the White Hall and reception. Walls and ceilings are decorated with rich carving and painting ganch (gypsum) in the tradition of Bukhara architectural and decorative school. The undoubted attractions Mahasaya (as it is fondly called Bukhara) should include the carved gates with wrought copper nails and handles decorated with fine embossing. Palaces are located in a beautiful park with a variety of ornamental and fruit trees, lawns, a huge pond. Once upon a time, part of the territory occupied zoological garden where the grass roamed gazelles, pheasants and peacocks freely walking past and at present.
Precast Group tour continues. Then you make the move to the yurt camp in Kyzyl Kum desert near Lake Aydarkul (180km). Accommodation in Kazakh yurts (felt tents) on arrival. Dinner. Free time. You can go to the lake (5 km from the location). Dinner. Rest at a fire. Overnight.
09-00 – breakfast.
Taking a rest in desert lake Aydarkul. Dinner. Departure by car to Samarkand (210 km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival. Dinner at one of the restaurants in the city.
08-30 – breakfast at the hotel.
09-00 – excursion tour to the architectural monuments of Samarkand XII-XX centuries continues: magnificent mosque Bibi Khanum Mosque, built by order of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1404. It was the tallest structure and lavishly decorated in the East at that time; the central area of the “old” city – the “heart” of Samarkand – Registan ensemble ( “sandy place”). Initially, there were shopping arcade, located caravanserais, bathhouses, trading pavilions, benches small artisans. The products were brought by merchants from different countries, Asia Minor and the Volga region, Siberia and Far East, Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. During the reign of Ulugbek – grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), Samarkand became a major science center of the East. At that time, Ulugbek decided to build the madrasah (Muslim spiritual school) in the market square of Registan. In the XVII century in the opposite side of Ulugbek madrassah military leader Yalantush Bahadur gave the order to build another madrassah Sher-Dor – “having tigers” (1619-1636). Rounding out the ensemble of central Tilla-Kari – “gold plating” (1646-1660), which was erected on the site of the caravanserai XV century . You will see the luxurious interior of the mosque is painted flower and floral ornaments with abundant gilding; Timurid dynastic tomb – Gur Emir (1404-1405 additional extension – the XV-XVII centuries). Initially the mausoleum was built due to the death grandson Muhammad-Sultan, who was to become the ruler of Maverannahr after Timur’s death. However in 1405 Timur died in Otrar city (southern Kazakhstan) at the age of 69 years. His body was transported to Samarkand and buried in the crypt of the mausoleum of Mohammed Sultan. Since that time, it became known as Gur-Emir – “tomb of the Emir.” . Gur Emir may draws attention because of a wonderful combination of proportions, a living ornament mosaic tiling and a luminous blue of the ribbed dome. Inside the mausoleum on the marble floor, fenced patterned marble bars, are gravestones.The tour continues to show the ensemble of mausoleums of Shah-i-Zinda (XII-XIX centuries) – the greatest achievement of world architecture. From the entrance portal uphill climb two rows of tombs, between which formed a corridor. More than two dozen mausoleums, mosques, memorial and office space make this magnificent memorial. Facilities vary in size, architecture, color, decoration. Here adjoin bright colored mosaics, carved lace walls and doors with strict geometrical planes, almost devoid of cladding. Inscriptions that bizarre and at the same time organically woven into ornaments, decorating facades, left us the names of the great craftsmen of Samarkand, Bukhara and Azerbaijan; visible brushwork Iranian masters. One of his contemporaries wrote: “The heavens – the Moon and the Sun … sat down on the carpet meditation and bit a finger surprise – they had never seen such buildings and adorned with elegant”. Rounding out your day sightseeing visit to the memorial museum of Ulugbek (grandson of Tamerlane) and check balances built on his orders Observatory 1428-29 equal to that at the time was not on the Muslim East. Ulugbek was not only the ruler of the vast country, but also a great scholar of his time, an outstanding astronomer. Many data obtained in the Samarkand observatory, researchers in Europe used up to the XVII century. In the museum you will see the exhibits telling about the “astronomical Academy of the East” and its wonderful creator. Near the museum is the grave of Russian archaeologist VL Vyatkina, first discovered traces of the observatory in 1908.
08-30 – breakfast.
09-00 – leaving the city and traveling to a mountain village (village) – 35 km on the road. You will breathe the fresh air of the mountains and get familiar with the Uzbek rural way of life, customs and family traditions, you will cook pilaf and shurpa (Uzbek national soup), and then dine . Transfer to Samarkand. Dinner at one of the restaurants in town.
reakfast at the hotel.
Your stay is completed in Uzbekistan. Precast group tour is over. Transfer to Samarkand International Airport. Flight to Moscow in flight ——- —–
Ирина Давидовна / Россия, 48 лет
Тур – Сказка Востока 2016
Хочу поделиться впечатлениями и написать отзыв о своей поездке в Узбекистан. Ну, во-первых никогда не думала, что здесь так много туристов из разных стран и на памятниках старины было не протолкнуться, но все грандиозно и здорово интересно. Но начну сначала. Прилетели мы с подругой в Ургенч (так была составлена программа самаркандской тур-фирмы, даже порекомендовали рейс из Москвы), нас встретили, перевезли в Хиву, разместили в маленьком и уютном отеле, накормили ужином и пожелали «спокойной ночи». Утром после завтрака гид пригласил нас на экскурсию во «внутренний город». Мама, дорогая, мы думали, что там потеряемся – это не объяснить словами! Нам повезло с гидом: ненавязчиво, информативно, с перерывами на кофеек, на обед, не заметили как день прошел (экскурсия-то пешеходная) и пора ужинать и спать. На следующий день выехали в Бухару (аж 6 часов по пустыне). Но наш гид Наталья Михайловна — Наташа) так интересно рассказывала в пути и об истории края, и о пустыне, и о быте здешнего народа и отвечала на все наши вопросы, что мы и не заметили, как въехали в Бухару. Да, уж действительно средневековый город. Жили мы в маленькой гостинице с европейскими услугами, но с восточным колоритом. Питались в разных ресторанах, но меню нигде не повторялось. Благодаря Наташе, нам стало известно, что в Узбекистане рестораны специализируются на каком-то одном блюде национальной кухни, т.е. в меню есть много других блюд, но только местные жители знают, где вкуснее готовят именно это блюдо (например, плов или манты). Дальше по маршруту нас ждал юртовый лагерь в пустыне. Представляете, вокруг желто-серый песок, на улице жара и мы, честно говоря, подумали – зачем нас сюда завезли и вдруг в лобовое стекло авто видим большое голубое пятно – это оказалось то самое озеро, к которому ехали. Потом, конечно и накупались, и на верблюдах накатались и у костра насиделись. В общем, классно провели время (кстати, хорошо, что мы послушали туроператора Ирину и захватили с собой крем от загара и от комаров, спасибо). На следующий день после обеда выехали в Самарканд. За 2 дня мы успели осмотреть все памятники по программе, побывать на бумажной фабричке (это класс!), на дегустации (два класса!!), поесть почти все блюда самаркандской кухни (три класса!!!), посетить базар – это вообще вне конкуренции. Хорошо загоревшие, с кучей сувениров и впечатлений вернулись домой. Мы влюбились в Узбекистан. Спасибо тур-фирме за грамотно и подробно составленную программу на маршрут как мы просили, за профессионализм сопровождающего гида и водителя. Такое впечатление, что они никогда не уставали. Мы с подругой решили, что и на следующий год обратимся в фирму «Аль-Самарканд» и поедем на другой маршрут.