Trip to KHIVA
Khiva is a city-museum in the open air
The city is located on the territory of the Kyzyl-Kum desert near the Amu Darya River. One of the legends about the origin of the city ascribes the foundation of Sima, the son of Noah, who created it from a sand dune, and then dug a well – “khivak”, whose name is supposedly named the city. Throughout its centuries-old history, Khiva repeatedly experiences periods of decline and recovery, until it reaches the culmination of development in the XIX century. Ichan-kala – “inner city” (26 hectares), which is formed around the citadel. It is surrounded by powerful fortress walls (height -10 m, length – 2200 m), which are an example of medieval fortifications. Within the walls of Ichan-kala almost all the architectural objects of the exhibition are made, which constitute the historically formed image of the city of the XVII-XIX centuries.
Basic historical architectural objects
- Architectural monuments of Ichan-Kala: 10 madrasas (XVII-XIX cc.)
- Juma-mosque (XVIII c.)
- Seid-Alauddin mausoleum (XIV c.)
- Kunya-Ark fortress (XIX c.)
- Pahlavan-Mahmud mausoleum (XIX-XX c.)
- Muhammed Aminhan madrasah (XIX c.)
- Palvan-Darvaza ensemble (XIX c.)
- Islam Khodja madrasah and minaret (XX c.)
- Tash-Hauli palace (XIX c.)
- Ak-mosque (XIX c.)
- Nurullabay palace (XX c.).
Khorezm region – was founded in 1938 year.
Area – 6.05 thousand km2
The administrative center is the city of Urgench (1119 km from Tashkent)
Region is located in the north-western part of Uzbekistan among the desert spaces. The territory of the region is a lowland plain, which is an ancient delta of the Amudarya river. Khorezm oasis is the oldest center of artificial irrigation. The Amudarya is the only waterway, the waters of which are used for irrigation of gardens, cotton, rice, wheat, alfalfa, grape and melon plantations. On the territory of the region, the river has low shores, therefore during the flood period coastal zones are often flooded.
The sharply continental climate causes a little snow cold winter (-320С -350С) and dry hot summer (+ 450С).
In the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, the viloyat is the most densely populated area and the most northerly district in the world for growing cotton.
The economic activity of the region is oriented towards agro-industrial direction.
The basis of the agricultural sector is cotton growing, the yield indicator is the highest in the country (early maturing, medium-fibrous grades of cotton predominate). The leading position in rice growing and rice harvesting in Uzbekistan, also occupies Khorezm region. Far beyond the borders of the country is known the heat resistant seed alfalfa grown on this land. Meat and dairy cattle breeding, karakul breeding, poultry farming are widely developed.
The industry specializes in the processing of cotton, machinery, developed flour, food, light industry, silkworming, carpet weaving.
In the bowels of the region there are only deposits of components for building materials.
Higher educational institutions are represented by the State University, the branches of the Tashkent Medical Institute and the Tashkent University of Economics.
On the left bank of the Amu Darya in the X century on the territory of ancient Khorezm near the trade village was built a small fortress – Urgench. Gradually expanding, the city acquires the status of the capital, where goods were delivered to the Amu Darya and the Aral Sea and agricultural products were exported by the same trade routes. As a result of the wars of conquest and civil strife, the city was almost completely destroyed and became known as Kunya Urgench (Old Urgench – located on the territory of Turkmenistan), because in the XVII century, 200 km from Kunya Urgench, a new city was laid – Urgench . It is crossed by the largest irrigation structure of Khorezm – one of the largest irrigation canals of the region – Shavat.
The historical and architectural museum-reserve “Ichan-Kala” in the city of Khiva is located in the south-west of the territory of the region. The city is the center of artisan crafts, and the glory of carvers in stone and wood, engravers and jewelers, embroiderers in velvet and silk, carpet weavers, ceramists has long crossed the borders of the country and the products of skilled craftsmen are in great demand far beyond the borders of Uzbekistan. Khiva is called a tourist Mecca – a place of pilgrimage for tourists from all over the world.
Tour to Khiva. Ichan Kala – An open-air museum located on the territory of 26 hectares …